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Indian Real Estate Market Problems And Prospects

India is a very large country of South Asia, the second most populous country in the world and the seventh largest by extension. The Indian continent from many centuries has been well known for its rich culture and commerce. To make your real estate investment more and more beneficial for you in this country, you need to rely on a network with a lot of real estate experience. Through an operating platform of a realtor investment becomes easier and safer for you as the firm helps to find the property in India.

The real estate market in India is undoubtedly growing local demand for housing space and office incredibly intense, but the market has to be regarded as emerging market for investors because the laws concerning foreign direct investment in the real estate market in India are so restrictive that the benefit of the real estate sector of India is far from straightforward.

This article is an attempt to combine some of the facts and figures which we hope will help anyone who joined the business of Indian real estate. There were changes made to the public good laws concerning foreign direct investment in the back of the real estate sector in February 2005 now mean that the Indians passersby (most commonly designated NRIs) and companies Overseas (CBOs for short) can invest up to 100% in the housing sector.

The government of India also has some rules in place that allow foreign investors to buy commercial property in India. if these properties are to be used by the company for business purposes. Most of the projects where FDI is allowed in a loop period of the investment of a minimum of 3 years to prevent speculative investment, but the good news for companies or NRIs who want to achieve in the real estate market of investment in India is that investment in smaller projects is now a real possibility. Before the IDF is allowed only in projects on sites larger than 100 acres, this was reduced to 25 acres. For individuals who wish to incorporate the real estate market in India is the easiest way to buy into an investment fund.

Changes to laws relating to FDI and the real estate industry in general that were announced back in 2005 rules of the investment fund of the Sierra relaxed to the point where many experts believe a sector of the investment company of real estate (REIT) could now emerge.

Meanwhile there are a number of attractive and transparent funds available from reputable investment houses that do not prohibit individuals hassle free entry into the real estate market in India. In terms of state of the real estate market in India in general and Mumbai property in particular care must be taken when acquiring any land or real estate because the fact of registration of title is not updated and independent legal advice should be taken at each stage of the process that buying property in India.

If anyone has a definitive guide to the process to purchase real estate in Mumbai, he/ she can maximize the benefits to the maximum. But a proper professional guideline is necessary before any investment.

Rakia’s Investments In Sultanpur

Ras Al Khaima Authority (RAKIA), and APIIC signed a memorandum of understanding in September last for the development of HEC with a proposed investment of Rs 20,000 crore. This is the largest real estate and infrastructure project coming up in Andhra Pradesh and is expected to provide quality employment to thousands of people. RAKIA is a world renowned and much respected investment body that is cash rich. Executing a project of this magnitude is well within their capability.. The Andhra Pradesh government recently allotted 471 acres of land at Sultanpur village of Medak district for the first phase of Hyderabad Economic city which is being jointly developed by APIIC and RAKIA. Residential areas adjacent to Sultanpur such as Ayilapur, Kistareddypet and patelgudem will be the most sought after destinations and are likely to appreciate in value considerably.

RAKIA is the investment arm of the UAE government which had asked for a total of 2000 acres for the project. The balance land would be allotted in due course according to an APIIC official. It is the government body responsible for the socioeconomic growth of the emirate. The MoU was signed by Wahid Attalla, Member of the Board, Rakeen, the real estate development arm of Ras Al Khaimah Investment Authority (RAKIA), and APIIC Chairman and Managing Director B P Acharya, in the presence of Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Y S Rajasekhara Reddy. RAKIA is also developing several other townships across the country through RAKINDO, RAKIA’s joint venture company in India. Over 3,000 acres of land has been earmarked for various projects in Coimbatore, Chennai, Kumarakom, Hosur and Cochin, each with a projected cost of $2bn.

Sultanpur is situated at a distance of 16 to 18 Km from important hubs such as hi-tech city area, Microsoft campus, financial district etc. With this proposed project in Sultanpur, Medak district will witness a significant change in terms of infrastructure and employment facilities. Sultanpur is located abutting the outer ring road and is presently accessible from the Mumbai highway via the Beeramguda crossing which is two Km after BHEL. A three and half Km drive would bring you to Kistareddypet village. The limits of Sultanpur commence barely half a Km to the right of Kistareddy pet which has already been witnessing real estate development in the form of gated communities, residential layouts and apartment complexes.

Hyderabad would be an integrated financial hub with infrastructure facilities for financial services operations for banking, insurance and asset management companies. The project would also have an integrated health city that would include facilities for clinical and non-clinical services, hospitals, and medical colleges, research services for clinical trials, drug delivery system, stem cell research and genetic research among other things, according to sources.

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Growing Indian Real Estate Market


India’s real estate market is on a high growth curve and is today one
of the fastest growing market in the world. It is categorized into four
sub-categories such as housing, retail, hospitality, and commercial.
While housing projects contributes six-seven percent of India’s gross
domestic product, the remaining three sub-categories are also increasing
at a fast pace. The Indian real estate is an infrastructure services
that is driving the economic growth of the country. The role of
Government of India has been instrumental in the real estate
development. There are many developer and buyer friendly policies which
are introduced by government.


The market of India real estate stood at US $ 56.2 billion in the
survey of 2010-2012 and expected to touch US $ 179.9 billion by 2021.
The market is expected to grow at the compound annual growth rate of 20
percent in the period of 2011-2014. With first series the modern cities
expected to account for about 45 per cent of this growth.

The
top eight metropolitan cities such as Delhi-NCR, Mumbai, Bangalore,
Chennai, Hyderabad, Pune, Kolkata and Ahmadabad have maximum office
space absorption were up to 59 per cent during January-March 2014 as
compared to periods of last year. During the period of January-March
2013 Ahmadabad and Delhi-NCR recorded a threefold increase in net
absorption.

In the first quarter of 2014 number of new
residential projects launches with 56,000 units across eight
metropolitan cities and Bangalore recorded maximum number of units at an
increase of 21 per cent at 17,838 units, followed by Mumbai and
Chennai, according to a report by Cushman & Wakefield.


Indian real estate has large number of investment opportunities, all
corporates look to expand businesses, India is expected to witness major
demand for office space in 2014. Office space absorption across the
country’s seven major cities is likely to increase ten per cent this
year to 30 million square feet, according to global real estate
consultant.


The retail space absorption by the top eight metropolitan cities is
expected to more than double to 12.7 million square feet in 2014 and
this will take up the retail space across India’s modern cities to 88.6
million square feet by the end of the year according to a report by
Jones Lang LaSalle.

Real estate construction development sector,
including township, housing projects, built-up infrastructure and these
projects garnered total foreign direct investment (FDI) worth US$
24,211.54 million in the period April 2001-January 2014. Infrastructure
activities during the period received FDI worth US$ 2,539.58 million
according to the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion.


Indian real estate has some major investments and developments such as
Somany Ceramics plans to invest Rs 160 crores for capacity expansion and
brand building, Lodha Developers has invested Rs 1,254 crores for
acquired Clariant Chemicals’ 86-acre plot of land in Thane, Mumbai,
Xander Group has invested Rs 360 crores in Kapstone Constructions,
Ambience Group plans to invest about Rs 1,80 crores over the next four
years to develop two housing projects in Noida and Gurgaon, comprising
1,100 housing units and Vardhman Group invest $70 in Vardhman Camellias.

The market of real estate is expected to result in high
transaction activity, eminently in income yielding commercial office
equity during 2014.The country still needs to add number hospital and
educational institutes to meet the global average.

Current Property Rates Of Mumbai

The financial capital of India, Mumbai has always been the leader in the indicative prices of the Indian real estate market. Even during the slowdown, Mumbai is the frontrunner when it comes to property. In the past as well, it has shown a record rise in real estate prices at par with some of the highest property prices in the world. That is why Mumbai is called the Manhattan of India.

It is not only the residential market of Mumbai that boasts of skyrocketing property prices but the commercial market of the city as well touch the sky. But these days, due to the slowdown, the city is witnessing a correction in prices both in residential and commercial markets. In fact, it is the best time to buy a property in the city with the developers offering lower prices and discounts. Also, one should consider buying property now with lower interest rates on home loans provided by banks.

The real estate prices as well as the increase in rental values in Mumbai can be credited to the large scale investments in the commercial sector and the residential sector. Mumbai has always been the favorite spot for the corporate sector for developing their headquarters in the city. Besides that, increasing investments by MNCs in the IT, ITES and the BPO sector have led to a growing demand for office space; which as a result have created an imbalance in demand and supply for residential property. The rental values in Mumbai are also high in comparison to that in other metros and cities.

The retail market of Mumbai also witnessed a huge hike in prices during the boom in the real estate market. In fact, it is one of the foremost cities to be hit by the retail buzz. With the coming up of the retail market, there has been an increasing demand for retail properties in the financial capital of India. This increase in demand has created a viable market for mall space and other kind of retail stores and showrooms. These retail stores and malls are either owned by a business or some brand outlet or leased for hefty prices as their demand is usually very high.

Mumbai has been ranked seventh among the most expensive cities in the world to carry out a business and to live in.

Although, the prices of different kinds of property in Mumbai differ from location to location, the following is an indicative list of realty prices of both the residential as well as commercial spaces in Mumbai.

Here are some indicative rates to apprise you of the market conditions.
Prices in South Mumbai in April 2009:
Cuffe Parade – Rs 20, 000 62, 000 per sq ft
Churchgate Rs 18, 000 30, 000 per sq ft
Marine Lines Rs 14, 000 22, 000 per sq ft
Malabar Hill Rs 20, 000 65, 000 per sq ft
Napeansea Road Rs 20, 000 65, 000 per sq ft
Worli Rs 18, 000 45, 000 per sq ft
Prabhadevi Rs 13, 000 24, 000 per sq ft
Mahim Rs 8, 500 14, 000 per sq ft

Prices in Central Suburbs in April 2009:
Byculla Rs 8, 500 11, 000 per sq ft
Wadala Rs 5, 000 8, 000 per sq ft
Sion Rs 6, 500 9, 500 per sq ft
Kurla Rs 4, 000 6, 500 per sq ft
Powai Rs 4, 500 9, 000 per sq ft
Chembur Rs 3, 750 7, 000 per sq ft
Ghatkopar Rs 4, 500 7, 500 per sq ft
Bhandup Rs 3, 750 6, 000 per sq ft
Mulund Rs 3, 750 7, 000 per sq ft
Thane Rs 4, 000 6, 000 per sq ft
Dombivalli Rs 1, 400 2, 500 per sq ft
Kalyan Rs 1, 400 2, 200 per sq ft
Ambernath Rs 1, 100 1, 600 per sq ft

Prices in Navi Mumbai in April 2009:
Vashi Rs 3, 250 5, 500 per sq ft
Airoli Rs 2, 500 4, 000 per sq ft
Kopar Khairane Rs 3, 500 5, 000 per sq ft
Sanpada Rs 3, 000 5, 000 per sq ft
Nerul Rs 3, 000 5, 000 per sq ft
CBD Belapur Rs 3, 000 5, 000 per sq ft
Kharghar Rs 2, 000 4, 000 per sq ft
Kalamboli Rs 1, 400 2, 200 per sq ft
Panvel Rs 1, 800 2, 700 per sq ft

Prices in Western Suburbs in April 2009:
Bandra (E) Rs 7, 000 11, 000 per sq ft
Bandra (W) Rs 16, 000 28, 000 per sq ft
Khar (E) Rs 7, 000 11, 000 per sq ft
Khar (W) Rs 13, 000 18, 000 per sq ft
Santacruz (E) Rs 9, 000 12, 000 per sq ft
Santacruz (W) Rs 12, 500 18, 000 per sq ft
Vile Parle (E) Rs 7, 500 11, 500 per sq ft
Vile Parle (W) Rs 10, 000 17, 000 per sq ft
Andheri (E) Rs 6, 500 9, 500 per sq ft
Andheri (W) Rs 6, 500 14, 000 per sq ft
Jogeshwari Rs 5, 000 8, 000 per sq ft
Goregaon (E) Rs 4, 500 7, 000 per sq ft
Goregaon (W) Rs 4, 800 7, 000 per sq ft
Malad (E) Rs 4, 500 7, 500 per sq ft
Malad (W) Rs 4, 000 6, 500 per sq ft
Kandivli (E) Rs 4, 500 7, 500 per sq ft
Kandivli (W) Rs 4, 500 6, 500 per sq ft
Borivli (E) Rs 4, 500 6, 500 per sq ft
Borivli (W) Rs 4, 000 6, 500 per sq ft
Mira Road (E) Rs 1, 800 2, 500 per sq ft
Naigaon (E) Rs 1, 200 1, 800 per sq ft
Vasai (E) Rs 1, 100 1, 800 per sq ft
Vasai (W) Rs 1, 000 1, 800 per sq ft
Virar Rs 1, 100 2, 000 per sq ft

Divergent Housing Price Trends In Mumbai And National Capital Region Crisi Research

CRISIL Research expects divergent price trends during the year in Mumbai and NCR (National Capital Region), the two largest residential real estate markets in India. In 2011, prices of houses are likely to decline in Mumbai, whereas prices will rise marginally in NCR. Further, the extent of price decline will vary widely across areas in Mumbai, whereas prices will inch up uniformly across areas in NCR.
CRISIL Research studied the price trend in three major supply pockets in Mumbai and NCR western suburbs (Goregaon, Malad, Kandivali and Borivali), Thane (Ghodbunder Road), and central suburbs (Dombivli and Kalyan) in Mumbai; and Noida and the outskirts of Ghaziabad and Faridabad in NCR.

City Reality reports offer an in-depth, area-wise analysis of residential, commercial and retail segments covering 400+ areas across 88 micro markets in 10 Indian cities. Read the real estate developer ratings at CRISIL that has developed two specialized products with their real estate research that help housing customers and financial institutions understand the intricacies.

Accounting for more than 50 per cent of total planned supply in each city, these major supply pockets would represent the trend in housing prices in the whole city. Mumbai and NCR would together account for more than half the 1.5 billion sq ft housing supply planned in India’s 10 leading cities up to 2013.

In Mumbai, falling demand, owing to diminished affordability, and rising interest rates will trigger a decline in prices in 2011. Prices of houses soared by 43 per cent in 2010, in the city’s three major supply pockets. Prices thus surpassed their peak values, attained in the first half of 2008, by 26 per cent, adversely affecting housing affordability. CRISIL Research therefore expects prices in Mumbai to decline by 8-10 per cent in 2011.
In NCR, prices will move up marginally because of relatively better affordability. Prices went up only by 6 per cent in 2010 in the capital region’s three major supply pockets. Prices in these areas currently are 15-20 per cent less than their peak values in the second half of 2007, making affordability relatively better in NCR than in Mumbai. CRISIL Research therefore expects average prices in the region to move up marginally by 3-4 per cent in 2011.

“Reduced affordability and a likely increase in interest rates by the Reserve Bank of India will subdue demand and depress housing prices in Mumbai in 2011. In NCR, relatively better affordability will prop prices despite any increase in interest rates,” explains Nagarajan Narasimhan, Director – CRISIL Research.

In Mumbai, the extent of the price decline would vary widely by area. Prices in premium locations like South Mumbai and Central Mumbai, which have an excess supply of houses priced at more than Rs 50 million, would decline sharply by 15-20 per cent over the next 12 months. Prices will decline more moderately, by about 6 per cent, in areas like Vasai and Virar, where affordability would be relatively better. In NCR, with prices increasing marginally across all areas, the trend, again, will be divergent.